X-15 2.6″ 1/21 scale Kit Instructions

The X-15  RC Rocket glider kit is modeled after the later version of the hypersonic reasearch vehicle that flew with the XLR-99 engine and without the extended lower ventral. The kit  includes pre-slotted body tube, plastic  nose cone, pre-hinged control surfaces, pre-installed spars and pre-cut 6mm depron tail surfaces and wing.  Length 29″, wingspan 14″, weight 7.5 oz rtf. It is 1/21 scale.   I made a few concessions to scale to make assembly easier and to keep weight as low as possible but the result is a very good looking and flying model.

The kit is designed for Composite D24 18mm Aerotech reloadable motors.  I recommend the use of the plugged forward closure as it prevents any flame from the delay element from going forward through the ejection charge hole and melting the internal foam structure.  If you use the normal forward closure you have to block the open end with tape so that when the motor burns out you don’t get any flame coming through to damage the foam internally.  You will load the motors as per the instructions but not use the black powder ejection charge.  Black powder and Quest composite motors DO NOT have sufficient total impulse to boost this model safely, DO NOT USE THEM.

Please refer to the General information for all kits tab above, then read these instructions completely before starting assembly. ​​  High quality cut vinyl decals are available HERE select the white lettering for a black painted model, small new size.

CG location for rocket flight with battery and motor installed: 13″ forward from the rear end of the body tube.  

This model is small and boosts fast but straight.  You need to be a competent pilot to fly this model, it isn’t hard but it isn’t tolerant of boost and stall mistakes.  Weight is CRITICAL on this model, be sparing with glue and paint and it will fly very nicely.  I used hitec hs-55 servos which have a long servo lead and are only 8 grams, I wouldn’t use a heavier servo than this.  The leads were long enough I could route them out the back of the model, connect to the receiver, then route the receiver forward to velcro in place just to the rear of the nose cone shoulder inside the body tube.  I didn’t have to use servo extensions which saved 1/3 of an ounce.  If you have to use servo extensions use extremely light weight versions.

Unpacking your kit:

The kits are packed to protect them in shipping, it comes in two boxes, The contents are fragile so unpack carefully.   Carefully cut the tape holding the tubes and cone in place and unwrap/cut the protective wrapping.  The body tube is wrapped with paper to help hold the shape of the tube, only remove this paper once you are ready to install the wing and tail since the tube tends to flatten out after cutting the slots.  In the other box, carefully cut the tape holding the cardboard wing protector in the box and carefully remove it, don’t pull hard or bend it.  Then carefully cut the tape holding the cardboard top piece to the bottom.  There may be some sticky tape holding the cardboard to the bottom cardboard piece, carefully peel it being sure not to bend anything.  Once the top cardboard is free you can see the foam wing/tail parts, there are little fragile pieces in here, so unwrap carefully.  It may be best to use an exacto to lightly cut the plastic wrap and carefully remove it without cutting into the foam.  Make sure everything is free before you remove the pieces to avoid breaking anything.  Kits contain one or two scrap pieces for repairs if you damage anything in construction or flight, just cut and patch in a spare piece of the foam if needed using foam safe CA+.

Welcome to the world of rocket boosted radio control gliders.  This is not a model for a novice RC pilot.   Read through the instructions, look at the photos and be sure you understand the step before comitting to cutting or glue.

Identify all pieces, the kit should contain:

Wing and stabilizer unit 6mm

Vertical stabilizer 6mm

2 long .75″ wide chines 6mm

2 1.25″ wide 3mm chine covers

4 cockpit profiles(6mm)

1 lower ventral fin(6mm)

1 slotted body tube

2 rail buttons and blind nuts/screws

2 pushrods

Nose cone

Motor mount tube

Velcro(for battery and rx/bec attachment)

1 styrene strip for reinforcing the ventral fin

Lead weight

1 foam mmt mounting strip

Spare depron

Notes before starting:

Foam safe CA+(Bob smith super gold + is good) is the only glue recommended for construction except for some epoxy just to hold the nose weight in place.  You will also need foam safe accellerator.

Fuselage Assembly

  1. If you want to bevel the leading and trailing edges of the wing and horizontal stab now, do so before assembly.  Use a straight edge and sharp exacto to do a small 1/16″ or so 45 degree bevel cut on both sides.  Bevel the leading edge of the vertical stabilizer, the leading and trailing edges of the wing and horizontal stabilizers only, the rest of the edges should stay flat for now till assembly is completed.
  2. Unfold the wing/stabilizer and glue the taped joint, lay flat till it is set.
  3. Insert the wing/stabilizer into the slot in the fuselage.  The vertical tail slot in the tube will be UP and the spar will be facing down.  Apply a fillet of glue on the wing/tube joint on the top and bottom, make sure this is set, you don’t need to be heavy handed it just needs to keep the wing from moving and the upper chine cover will also glue to the wing and body.
  4. Install the front and rear rail buttons in the pre-made holes.
  5. Glue the vertical stab into the rear slot keeping it perpendicular to the wing and fillet the outside joint.
  6. Glue the small foam motor mount centering strip onto  the motor tube keeping it relatively straight.  Test fit the motor mount into the rear of the model.   The motor tube is supported left and right by the horizontal tail slot and on top by the vertical stab tab.  The tab on the mount is pointing down.  You may need to sand the tab slightly till the mount will just insert snugly, make sure the vertical stab stays vertical then glue in place.  The motor mount should stop against the front of the horizontal stab slot and be inset about 1/2″.  Make sure the motor tube is attached well but don’t overdo it and don’t use epoxy, tail weight is a killer and there isn’t much force on the motor tube during launch.  The foam is plenty strong enough to support the forward thrust and no thrust ring is needed.
  7. Glue the styrene strip onto the lower ventral, this helps provide some landing protection, then glue the lower ventral fin on the rear bottom of the fuselage on the line marked.
  8. Set the model with the wing along a table edge and put something like a book to hold the wing and model in place on the table with the body tube about 1/4″ away from the edge.  Put a bit of wax paper under the front of the wing and glue the chine to the body and against the front of the wing.  The edge of the table will help make sure the wing and chine are aligned straight.  Repeat on the other side and then lightly fillet the top and bottom of the chine.
  9. Sand a 3/16″ wide bevel on both edges of each chine cover on the side that is marked “glue”  There is a left and a right.  Take your time and go slow so you don’t damage or tear the chine cover.
  10. Test fit, then trim to length and glue the two chine cover plates.  Start at the rear of the model with the cover plate even with the end of the horizontal stabilizer extension, glue it just to the foam stabilizer not the body tube yet, continue forward gluing to the wing.  Continue gluing to the chine, at the front you may need to bend the cover down to touch the chine till the glue sets. The front portion will overlap the chine to allow trimming later.  Note the curved portion will go against the body tube at the front and have to be pulled down till it just is even at the front with the tip of the chine.   Once set, wick some CA under the chine cover and body tube along the entire length and wipe off any excess.  Make sure it makes good contact with the body tube and is set.  Trim the chine cover at the front to match the chine profile and sand the front edges round.  There are no chine covers on the bottom of the model to save weight and avoid having to trim around the servo mounting, in flight and normal viewing you won’t even notice.
  11. Glue the four cockpit pieces together.  Use the provided templates to cut the top view to shape, then bevel the front of the cockpit on both sides and round the rear portion as per the photos.
  12. Glue the pushrods/control horns into the holes premade into the bottom of each control surface, note the pushrod should be closest to the fuselage and angle inward, there is a left and right.  See picture for clarity.
  13. Wrap some 320 grit sand paper over the nose cone and gently sand the bottom of the cockpit till it conforms to the rear of the nose cone.
  14. The cockpit is glued so the rear of the cockpit is even with the beginning of the nose cone shoulder.  Tack glue the cockpit to the cone using foam safe CA+ Apply a fillet to the cockpit on both sides.  I  also carefully applied a few coats of foam safe CA+ to the cockpit to harden it and make it take paint/filler better.  Add a little at a time to avoid heat/melting.
  15. If the nose cone shoulder is a slightly loose fit, simply use masking tape to make a friction fit.

The basic construction is now complete.

Radio Installation

Note:  Your radio needs to be configured for Delta mixing, this means that the servo arms will move the same direction during elevator stick movement and opposite for aileron stick movement.  Connect your servos to the receiver one in the aileron connection and one on the elevator connection and apply power.   Use a servo arm at least 9/16” long and with holes small enough that there won’t be slop with the pushrod wire when installed.  I use the hole furthest out on the servo arm, to maximize movement. On some servos there are a long two-ended servo arm, you can trim off one end if needed to get sufficient length.   Zero out any trim settings on the transmitter. The model once the motor has burned out is nose heavy and loses pitch authority in glide so you want as much up elevator travel for trim/flare as possible.

  1. Install the free end of the pushrod to the servo output arm, again making sure the servo electrical wire is toward the fuselage side of the model and pointed toward the rear.  If the wire is too tight, you can twist an exacto knife in the servo arm hole to make it larger, but be careful and do not make it too large.  The servos will butt against the body tube and glue to the bottom of the horizontal wing and chine filler between the wing and horizontal tail.  Repeat for the other side. Once connected, tape each servo in place so that the control surfaces are centered.    Flip the model right side up and look at it from the rear.  Moving the transmitter stick back(up elevator) should move both stabilizors TE’s up.  Moving the transmitter stick to the right should move the right TE of the stabilizer up and the left one down.  If you can’t get the servo reversing to give you the right polarity try swapping aileron/elevator inputs to the receiver or turning the servos over and swapping the servo arms to the other side of the output shaft. If that is correct, continue.
  2. Flip the model upside down and supported.  The servos may be attached to the model using double back servo mounting tape(not included) or by directly gluing the servo to the wing with CA+ or a small amount of epoxy.  Double back servo tape can loosen over time and with exposure to heat, I prefer to glue the servo in place.
  3. Mark the fuselage where the servo will go and cut a pocket out of the body tube and cut it out and test fit, you need the servo to fit with the control arm neutral and have the horizontal stabilizers be level with the wing and stabilizer.  Route the servo wire out the back of the model, make sure you route the left and right servo wires on the SAME side of the internal motor mount so that you can connect to the receiver and slide the whole thing forward.  Connect the servos to the receiver and connect the battery and power up the radio.
  4. With the radio still on, put a small amount of glue on the servo, being careful not to get any near the output shaft. And set it in place on the model in the pocket keeping the control surface centered.  Do the same to the other side.  Make sure the glue is set before continuing.  Apply a small amount of velcro to the bottom of the rx and push it forward to the front of the model with the battery still connected.
  5. Use velcro to attach the receiver inside the body tubeabout 1.25″ back from the front front so it will clear the nose cone shoulder and use the remaining velcro to attach the battery as far forward into the nose cone as you and the battery wire can comfortably reach.
  6. Flip the model back right side up.  Make sure the control surfaces are centered, use trims if needed.  Now measure the control surface movement.  Full elevator and aileron movement should be 5/8” in each direction measured at the inboard end of the control surface.   Since the model will be nose heavy, extra stabilizer movement helps to give sufficient authority during glide.  Roll rate is not extremely fast during glide so you need plenty of movement.  Set up dual rates with lower movements if you are worried but boost with higher settings till you are comfortable.
  7. If you have a flap/elevator mix you can program up elevator to a switch setting.  The model needs approximately  3/8” of up elevator  measured from the inboard end of the control surface, during glide.  Boost will use completely neutral settings for the first flight.  If you can’t set the up elevator to a switch on your radio you’ll have to manually put in glide trim which is hard to do while flying the model.
  8. To paint the model you can remove the rail buttons and t-nuts or tape over them before painting.   I recommend ONLY Model Master or testors flat black enamel spray paint for painting directly on the foam.  I spray the edges first since those tend to soak more paint and need re-coating, then do the flat areas.  It took about half a can to do my prototype.
  9. Use a silver sharpie to add panel lines or wing flap and elevon details if desired.
  10. If you use stickershock markings, it helps once applied to use a hot hair dryer to soften the decal then push down with a finger to really set them into the model.  Be careful when applying over painted foam as when removing the backing tape you need to roll the backing off carefully while pushing down firmly.  If you pull straight up you will pull the paint off the wings and the decal won’t stick any more.  The x-15 had many little variations in markings.  The yellow arrow and blue ball was sometimes on the nose, the nasa logo was typically burned off during flight so that is left off of the decal.  Sometimes the aircraft had X-15 text on the nose.  The decals from stickershock include both.  It also contains round and angled cockpit windows, on the high speed flights the left window was covered by a rectangular door which was opened for landing and the right window was rounded.  Or you can use both angled or both round windows, I’ve seen both depending on what time in the program it was.  There are two sizes of window decals, use the ones that look the best to you.
  11. Re-install the rail buttons, battery and insert a loaded rocket motor into the motor mount.  Use the heaviest motor you plan on flying.
  12. Support the model at the balance point indicated for boost.  I use two pencils with rounded erasers cut to a bevel which will allow a precise balance point and not damage the foam.  These are held in place with small bench vices or use a balancing tool.  On such a small model using your fingers is not precise enough.  Place the model right side up on the pencil erasers on the location indicated above so that the model balances slightly nose down.  Add small amounts of included lead to the nose or tail as needed to achieve a slightly nose down balance.
  13. Do not fly the model with it balancing it behind this point.  The adage is, a nose heavy model flies poorly, a tail heavy model flies once.
  14. This model is designed and tested to use the Aerotech composite D-13 and D-24 motors.  Simply use a small amount of tape to friction fit the motor to keep it from falling out after burnout.

Flying:  I recommend using a 5-6′ rail as it guarantees a nice straight boost.  The rail buttons are offset to clear the vertical stab and chine cover, but depending on how you mount your cockpit you may need to rotate it slighty to clear the rail for launch.  See the General Instruction link at the top for flying instructions.  Be ready on the first few flights to keep the model straight till you have the trims set perfectly for boost and glide.  For this model it will boost fast on the recommended motors.  Make sure your First flight trim is neutral and that you do not have the glide “up” trim engaged before every flight.